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MANALAPAN, NJ -- October 11, 2018 -- The following message is from Mark Ford, President of the Standardbred Breeders and Owners Association of New Jersey.  "Contrary to our ongoing dialogue with the Meadowlands, we were not given any notice and were as much surprised as anyone to read their release indicating that they were putting in for a 68 day meet with a significant reduction of added-money events. We found this particularly disappointing in that we have been working very hard with various legislators and did feel that we had made progress in getting some assistance from the state. That said, a 68 day meet at the Meadowlands in 2019, which does violate their contract with the SBOA regarding a minimum amount of days, is clearly unacceptable and we will address that immediately." by Courtney Stafford, for the SBOANJ   

Middletown, NY --- More than 1,000 prospective buyers gathered at the Mark Ford Training Center on Sunday (Sept. 9) to examine, evaluate and purchase the 116 available standardbred prospects up for sale at the fourth annual Goshen Yearling Sale. Many of these stake eligible horses will be competing in Sire Stake programs in New York and Pennsylvania next year and the crowd reflected many connections from those racing jurisdictions. The total gross of the sale was just under $1.5 million with 66 colts and 50 fillies selling for an average price of $12,912. The sales topper was trotting colt (Hip 117) Unpaid Advisor (Chapter Seven-Pole Dancer) who was bred and consigned by Boxwood Farm. The successful $50,000 bid was made by Charles Colbrunn of Longwood, Florida. The highest priced pacer was the filly (Hip 20) Eye Popping (So Surreal-Paramelons Hanover) who was bred and consigned by Steve Jone's Cameo Hills Farm. The gavel dropped at $45,000 that was bid by Scott Di Domenico of Jamesburg, New Jersey. The top seller from the 25-horse Hanover Shoe Farm consignment was trotting filly (Hip 58) Demimonde Hanover (Sebastian K-Daddy's Lhasa) who went for $36,000 to Mark Ford of Campbell Hall, New York. This was the first yearling from the first crop of Sebastian K available for sale. Winbak Farm was well represented with 38 yearlings and sold the third highest priced prospect overall in the sale. Trotting colt (Hip 50) Bronze Yankee (Muscles Yankee-Brontease) brought $42,000 from Blake MacIntosh of Cambridge, Ontario. Macintosh was also the successful bidder of Twinbrook Farm's top seller (Hip 37) Twin B Salsa (Art Major-Western Heat). The pacing filly commanded $26,000 when the bidding ceased. Blue Chip Farm's top money-getter from their 11 head consignment was the trotting filly (Hip 104) Really Blue Chip (Credit Winner-Muscles Secret) who was purchased by Anthony MacDonald of Guelph, Ontario for $31,000. "We had a beautiful day for this sale and it reflected in everyone's attitude as a large crowd of enthusiastic buyers were keeping our spotters busy all day," said Mark Ford, President of the Goshen Standardbred Horse Sales Co. "The only hiccup that occurred was our internet service provider's lack of reliable service on Sunday that killed our live stream and delayed the posting of results; something that was totally out of our control." You can view the complete sales results in a searchable database by clicking this link. (http://goshenyearlingsale.com/results/index.cgi?Limit=200 ) By Tim Bojarski, for the Goshen Yearling Sale  

Above statement made by Mark Ford, President of the Standardbred Breeders and Owners Association of New Jersey. MANALAPAN, NJ -- September 7, 2018 -- There was a time in New Jersey when the best of the best came to compete at Freehold Raceway on Labor Day. It was not long ago, but seemed a distant memory Monday when the track was closed because of a lack of entries. In an announcement regarding the decision to close on Labor Day, Freehold General Manager Howard Bruno said, “Overall, it is increasingly difficult for us to compete in a market where we have the lowest purse structure in the region.” The statement is not hyperbole, it is fact. For more than a decade, New Jersey’s racing industry has suffered while horsemen in neighboring states have enjoyed increased purses thanks to casino-enhanced funding. Monday’s closure of Freehold illustrates the erosion of New Jersey’s standing in sport – once the envy of the industry — and the seriousness of the situation. A year ago, the Rochester Democrat & Chronicle ran a story titled “How VLTs saved NY horse racing.” According to the story, New York’s seven harness racing tracks saw purses escalate from $35 million to $118 million since 2003. The average purse per race went from about $4,000 to $11,000 over the 14 years — putting New York among the top five in the nation.  “The figures have been extraordinary at some tracks: Batavia Downs’ purses grew from $1.8 million to $5.5 million; from $4 million to $18 million at Saratoga harness; and from $20 million to nearly $63 million at Yonkers,” the story stated. The average purse per race this past Saturday at Freehold was less than $5,000. Tracks in New York and Pennsylvania could be found offering averages — at a minimum — of 46 percent more than Freehold, up to the $30,000 average Yonkers offered for eight non-stakes races that night. A decade ago on Labor Day, Freehold hosted a card that included the prestigious Cane Pace and other top stakes. Freehold was home to the Cane Pace from 1998 through 2010, when the track gave up hosting the race because of purse-funding issues. It is clear the industry needs to see purses augmented in the absence of racinos and the ability to compete with neighboring states on a level playing field. Without it, the state’s billion-dollar equine industry will likely suffer the loss of thousands of jobs and tens of thousands of acres in open space while the state loses tens of millions of dollars in revenues. State Assemblyman John Burzichelli, D-Gloucester, told NJOnlineGambling last week, “The challenges faced by horse racing lead to an erosion of the ancillary [equine] economy — breeding, horse farms, and so on. That warrants our attention, because once a horse farm goes away, it never comes back. Nobody tears down a condo development to build a horse farm.” The Standardbred Breeders & Owners Association of New Jersey implores the state’s legislators to consider the magnitude of any decision regarding the enhancement of purses and preservation of the equine industry in the Garden State. Time is running out. by Courtney Stafford, for the SBOANJ

YONKERS, N.Y. – When the group of 22 French trotters arrived at New York’s John F. Kennedy Airport in June, trainer Mark Ford was responsible for picking up six of them and transporting them home. While he was unsure what to expect from the batch of foreign horses, their easy temperaments came as a surprise. “They all just walked right out of quarantine and walked right off the trailer just like they were supposed to,” Ford said. “They’re very docile, well-mannered, and good at traveling. It was a pleasant little surprise. I didn’t expect it would be that good of a bunch.” Although Ford was initially skeptical of the idea behind the French American Trotting Club, which sought to bring a large group of French trotters to the United States to compete in a rich series at Yonkers Raceway, the trainer has been impressed by how the project came together. Ford commended Ron Burke, Ray Schnittker, and Mike Lachance for traveling overseas to select the horses. “You’ve got to do your part. It’s an experiment; everyone should do their part and give it a try,” Ford said. “I was a little surprised at how many decent horses came out of there and maybe they will be good enough to race during the winter time. “I think it’s a great idea. You’re stirring things up and trying to get rid of the same thing day after day after day,” he continued. “It was a lot of work for those guys to go over there in the middle of stakes season to do that and I think we all owe them a thank you. That was no easy task and every one that came over, for the most part, people have been very happy with.” Ford and owners George and Rose Bonomo drew 10-year-old Kaiser Soze son Undici. The veteran was 7-for-105 with $396,611 in earnings when he arrived. While his last win came March 30, 2014 in a 22,000€ overnight going 2,800 meters at Chartres, Undici has had plenty of placings since then, 25 overall in his career.  Ford made several changes to Undici’s equipment to help the trotter adapt to the American style of racing. He added hopples and a pole on the advice of Nicolas Roussel, one of Undici’s former trainers. “I don’t have anything to base it off. I don’t know how he was over there, but (Nicolas Roussel) sent us an email and said if you put the hopples on him, he’d be a lot better. You can’t wear poles over there either, so we put a pole on him. He needed a little bit of time to learn how to wear his rigging,” Ford said. Despite the equipment adjustments, Undici’s gait makes it a challenge to compete on the half-mile track. In four local starts so far, the gelding has two sixth-place finishes, a fifth, and a second. “He’d probably be a little better on a bigger track, but they don’t race on a bigger track at Yonkers,” Ford said. “He’ll touch a knee and bounce off a shin. He’s not real great-gaited and you have to be a little careful with him. He’s not a really big, robust, fast horse, but he’s ok.” Undici has spotted the field at least 11 lengths in all his local starts except for in the first leg of the series August 5. Undici got away fifth from the second tier in that start and moved first-over on heavy favorite Ursis Des Caillons with five-eighths to race. Undici sustained his bid, finishing a clear second to the favorite. The grinding style suits Undici, Ford says. “I think he just sort of plods along and it depends on what the other ones do. He goes one speed and if they come back to him, I think he’ll finish up good,” Ford explained. “I don’t think he’s the kind of horse where, if they walk around there and sprint real fast, he doesn’t have any speed. He just plods along.” Undici’s plodding style could be better-suited to the second leg of the series this Sunday (August 19), which will go 12 furlongs, two more than the $35,000 first leg. Undici drew post three in the first division, which will see him face Ursis Des Caillons, Barry Black, Adagio de la Tour, Very Very Fast, Alpha d’Urzy, Bioness, and Boldie de Nuit. Undici is 12-1 on the morning line with Steve Smith in the sulky. “I’d much rather have been in the other division,” Ford said. “I hate that mile-and-a-half stuff. I don’t think we’ve ever got a check in any of those mile-and-a-half races, but it probably will help him rather than hurt him because he doesn’t get away good and just sort of plods along. It seems like he can go six quarters in 30 seconds.”  Sunday’s card at Yonkers also features a second division of the series and a $44,000 Open Handicap Trot going one-mile. First post time is 12:35 p.m. For entries to the races, click here. by Brandon Valvo, for the SOA of NY

HAMBURG, N.Y. --- Melodies Major has been nothing but spectacular thus far in his brief career and he continued to sparkle on Wednesday night (July 18) at Buffalo Raceway by toppling the 2-year-old pacing colt record with a 1:54.2 victory over Jack Nation in the New York Sire Stakes (NYSS) for the freshman pacers.   Cruising to an easy 3-3/4 length win in his $53,500 division, Melodies Major ($2.10) crushed the old mark of 1:55.4 set in 2013 by He's Watching.   In the other NYSS leg, Bicorne Hanover went gate-to-wire in 1:56.3 and held off Jojo's Place by three-quarters of a length.   But is was Melodies Major (Art Major-Hilarious) who stole the show. Driver Tyler Buter said after the race, "I drove him with two fingers. He's such a pleasure to drive. When I asked him to go, he just went faster."   Getting splits of :28.2, :57.1 and 1:26.0, Melodies Major never was asked for more in the lane as Buter tucked away the whip and enjoyed the view of the Buffalo Raceway home stretch. Despite being in cruise control, he still put up a :28.2 last panel. Jack Nation (Jim Morrill Jr.) took second while Covered Bridge (Mike Simons) nailed the show position.   Melodies Major is a perfect 3-for-3 in his brief career and has two track records now with the first coming at Monticello on July 4 with a 1:54.3 clocking. Owned by Martin Scharf and trained by Mark Ford, Melodies Major has put $80,000 in the bank already in 2018.   Bicorne Hanover (Kevin Cummings) took advantage of the inside draw and wired the field in a solid 1:56.3.   Leaving from the rail, Bicorne Hanover established fractions of :28.3, :58.2 and 1:28.0. Jojo's Place (Jason Bartlett) made a valiant charge at the end but came up three quarters of a length short at the line. Bean (Scott Coulter) took third place.   Co-owned by the Burke Racing Stable LLC, Weaver Bruscemi, James Martin and William Switala, Bicorne Hanover (Art Major-Boldnbrash Hanover) is trained by Ron Burke. It was the first victory in three starts this season for Bicorne Hanover, now a winner of $44,110 in 2018.   Murrow Boy (Drew Monti) was the fastest in the $15,000 Excelsior A Series races with a 1:55.4 time, returning a healthy $17.00 to his backers. Mark Witha K ($6.20) took the other leg with a 1:59.0 victory for Morrill Jr.   Morrill Jr., who completed the evening with a driving triple, captured the $6,400 Excelsior B event with a 1:58.4 win aboard Baby Maker Hanover ($5.10)   Cummings had a double in the bike while trainer Russell Bratt notched a pair of victories.   Racing will continue on Friday night at 5 p.m. with a nine race program scheduled and the 2018 season will come to a close on Saturday evening at 6 p.m. with a 10-race program set.   For more information including the latest news, upcoming promotions, simulcast schedule, race replays, results and entries, go to www.buffaloraceway.com   by Brian J. Mazurek, for Buffalo Raceway

MANALAPAN, NJ -- July 16, 2018 -- Mark Ford, the President of the SBOA of NJ, has issued the following statement in response to the attached DRF article regarding the Saturday opening of Sport's Betting at the Meadowlands. "We have had ongoing dialogue with Jeff and the Meadowlands. In one of our more recent meetings, it was clearly understood, and stated by Jeff, that the horseman would participate in sport's betting revenues with details yet to be worked out. It was exciting to see the Fan Duel-Meadowlands opening, coinciding with a night of spectacular racing, and hopefully this is just the start of a new era at the Meadowlands."   DRF Full Article http://www.drf.com/news/sports-wagering-begins-meadowlands   by Courtney Stafford, for the SBOANJ  

MANALAPAN, NJ -- July 4, 2018 -- It was brought to our attention last night that Brian Sears was not permitted to be listed on the Jimmy Takter trained Meadowlands Pace Elimination entrant THINKBIG DREAMBIG, scheduled for the sixth race this Saturday night at the Meadowlands. After speaking with both parties, it is apparent that this is a personal issue. We strongly disagree with the Meadowlands decision and the SBOANJ will continue to work toward a resolution. From Mark Ford, president of the SBOANJ  

Middletown, NY---The 2018 Goshen Yearling Sale will be held on Sunday (Sept. 9) at the Mark Ford Training Center in Middletown, NY and an important deadline concerning this year's event is looming. Anyone wishing to consign yearlings will have to hurry as all entries for the sale will have to be made by Friday (June 1). For the past three years, the Goshen Yearling Sale has offered high quality stock from top breeders including Hanover Shoe Farms, Winbak Farm, Blue Chip Farm, Concord Stud, Cameo Hills Farm and Boxwood Farm. The sale has grown each year in both size and popularity and has become a favorite yearling venue for both the buyer and consignor. "We have an outstanding group of colts being offered this year from our top consignors and overall, expect the entry and sales averages to be up across the board" said Mark Ford. "We are looking forward to a large turnout the second weekend of September and will do our best to make sure this year's sale is a total success." The sales facility is located at 90 Slaughter Road, Middletown, NY, which is within an hour's drive of many major race tracks and training centers in New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, making it a very convenient location. It's also only three miles away from the Harness Racing Museum and the Goshen Historic Track, making it easy to visit those historic places during your weekend. Everything you need to know about the fourth annual Goshen Yearling Sale is now available on their website at www.goshenyearlingsale.com where consignment forms, a catalog request portal and hotel information for local lodging all can be found. For any other inquiries please contact Mark Ford directly at 973-568-3253 (cell) or by email at fordstable@frontiernet.net . By Tim Bojarski, for Goshen Standardbred Horse Sales

Dynamic Edge (Mike Simons) captured the harness racing featured Open Handicap Trot ($12,000) at Tioga Downs on Friday night (September 15). Dragin The Wagon (Aaron Byron) would lay down all the early fractions, :27.3, :57.0, 1:25.1. Dynamic Edge (Muscle Mass) who is owned and trained by Mark Ford, would go first-over and take the lead at the top of the stretch and hold off the late rush of Picture This (Tom Jackson) to win in a lifetime best of 1:54.2. Picture This would have to settle for second with Theraputic (Mike Merton) finishing third. Dynamic Edge ($18.60) would notch his sixth win of the season and 11th career victory. Little Santamonica (Aaron Byron) would win the fillies and mares feature ($10,000). Little Santamonica (Little Steven) would go gate-to-wire hitting all the fractions :26.4, :56.1, 1:24.1, 1:52.1. Owned by Courtney Crawford and trained by Jordan Hope the 9 year-old mare would win for the 13th time this season and the 58th time in her career. Truth And Liberty (Austin Siegelman) would come on late to finish second. K J's Caroline (Jim Taggart) would settle for third. Tioga Downs returns to live action with closing night on Saturday (September 16). The 11 race card which features NYSS sophomore pacing colts and geldings with a post time of 6:50 p.m. Firework follows the live racing For more information go to www.tiogadowns.com John Horne for Tioga Downs

MANALAPAN, NJ -- January 27, 2017 -- The Standardbred Breeders and Owners Association of New Jersey (SBOANJ) would like to clarify its involvement with the New Jersey Classic and Miss New Jersey stakes races, which the Meadowlands previously announced as being cancelled for 2017. At one time purses for the New Jersey Classic and Miss New Jersey were supported in part by the New Jersey Sires Stakes (NJSS). In a Nov. 20, 2009, letter to the SBOANJ, the NJSS advised that it was withdrawing its guaranteed support of the races. In 2009, the NJSS contributed $50,000 to the Classic and Miss New Jersey, but between 2010 and 2015 no payments were made to the races. The SBOANJ has been collecting nominating and sustaining payments for both the New Jersey Classic and Miss New Jersey to be put in the purses of the races. The SBOANJ has not contributed funding to the purses of the races. "The New Jersey Classic and Miss New Jersey were raced with short fields in 2016, with just five in the Classic and only four in the Miss New Jersey, which prompted the filly stake to be raced as a non-betting event. It appears that there would be fewer entries for this year." said SBOANJ president Mark Ford. EDITORS NOTE: This controversary came about from owner Howard Taylor's statement on Harnessracing.com. Click here to view. by Courtney Stafford for the SBOANJ 

The final Open Pace of the year at Saratoga Casino Hotel yielded its biggest harness racing upset of the season. Mariner Seelster (Camluck) pulled off the shocker in the $18,000 Saturday night feature by surging up the passing lane to win at odds of 55-1. Mark Ford owns and trains the seven year old pacer who was the clear longshot in the race but prevailed in the end, stopping the timer in 1:53 to register the upset. Invader Lucan Hanover (Stephane Bouchard) cut the mile and held on for second while Texas Terror N (Bruce Aldrich Jr) earned the show spot after a scramble in the stretch. Mariner Seelster, who was driven to victory by Greg Merton, paid $113 to win and led a big exacta and triple that returned $877 and $2,877, respectively. Closing day for the 2016 racing season is Sunday with a matinee beginning at 12:15pm. Racing will resume on Sunday February 19th with matinees scheduled for that day and the following afternoon on President's Day. Mike Sardella

MANALPAN, NJ – November 20, 2016 – New Jersey voters recently rejected a proposal to expand casino gambling to the northern part of the state. Despite the grassroots efforts of the SBOANJ and their public relations firm MWW, the results did not come as a surprise.  The odds seemed to be stacked against the casino question from the beginning.  While the results were devastating to the horsemen and women of New Jersey, the SBOANJ is working hard to come up with an alternate plan to help fund our racing and breeding program. As soon as the results were reported, SBOANJ President Mark Ford along with the directors immediately regrouped to come up with a new course of action to revive racing in the Garden State.  They have been attending meetings, contacting legislators and working with MWW to devise a new strategy to help us move forward during these critical times.  “We may have lost this battle but we are not ready to give up, we are determined to continue the fight to keep our industry competitive.” stated Mark Ford. Courtney Stafford

MANALAPAN, NJ -- September 23, 2016 -- Despite the suspension of a statewide campaign to encourage residents to support casino gaming outside of Atlantic City, the Standardbred Breeders & Owners Association of New Jersey today announced that it would continue its grassroots efforts to help pass the ballot question that could provide much needed revenue to bolster New Jersey's struggling harness racing horsemen. It's frustrating that the best financed advocates for casino gaming in North Jersey decided to pull the plug on their statewide campaign,' said Mark Ford, President of the SBOANJ. " Our members now must use our limited financial resources to drive the message to voters that a YES vote on Question 1 will provide our industry with additional revenue to continue offering the residents and taxpayers of New Jersey important entertainment and quality of life benefits. Even if others are stepping back from the fight, the horsemen have no choice but to step up and do our part." This November 8th, voters will choose whether to allow casino gaming outside of Atlantic City. If the ballot question passes, the New Jersey Legislature could authorize two new casinos to be built in northern New Jersey. A percentage of the state tax revenue collected from the new casinos would be dedicated to supporting the horse racing industry. The SBOANJ has scheduled series of media interviews, public appearances, and social media events to highlight the Association and the benefit its members bring to their towns and communities. Courtney Stafford

Goshen, N.Y. - Newly inducted member of the Harness Racing Hall of Fame, Bruce Nickells, drew the random letter "W" from a lottery-style basket for hip number allocation at the Harness Racing Museum & Hall of Fame induction ceremonies on Sunday (July 3) evening. Yearlings whose dam's names begin with the letter "W" will start the Goshen Yearling Sale, and continue through the alphabet for the 160 colts and fillies being offered on Sunday, September 18, 2016 at the Mark Ford Training Center, Middletown, NY. Consignors and principles of the sales company were on hand to witness the ceremonial draw, which took place on the patio of Haughton Hall during the cocktail hour of the annual Hall of Fame event. Representing Winbak Farm was Hall of Famer Joe Thomson, who is also a director of the sale company. Russell Williams and Dale Welk observed the proceedings on behalf of Hanover Shoe Farms. The son and daughter of Immortal Hall of Famers represented their respective farms; Steve Jones from Cameo Hills Farm and Jean Brown of Blue Chip Farm witnessed the draw. David Meirs from Concord Stud completed the group of consignors, with Mark Ford and Bob Boni also on hand to represent the sales company. With hip numbers now drawn, pedigrees receive a final update next week with a digital version of the catalog being available on the sales company website on Thursday, July 21. Printed catalogs will be mailed Aug. 4th and will also be available during the Hambletonian festival at the Meadowlands. For more information, or to request a catalog, visit the sales company website at: GoshenYearlingSale.com by Chris Tully, for the Goshen Yearling Sale

RUTHERFORD, NJ -- June 4, 2016 -- Harness racing President Mark Ford along with Anthony Perretti and Mike Gulotta aligned forces with top state Democrats, county officials and union leaders on Friday at a news conference to convey their confidence to the public that casino gambling will be brought to the northern part of the state. Among those who spoke in favor of the expansion were Democrats Senate President Stephen Sweeney, Senator Paul Sarlo, Senate Majority Leader Loretta Weinberg, Senator Bob Gordon, and Bergen County Executive Jim Tedesco. State Senate President Stephen Sweeney stood at the conference in front of the Meadowlands Regional Chamber of Commerce stating that bringing casino gambling to the area was “the right thing to do for the whole state.” "This gives us an opportunity to create thousands and thousands of construction jobs in the northern part of the state of New Jersey," Sweeney said. "But guess what; it gives us the ability to create thousands and thousands of jobs in the southern part of the state and helps us to rebuild Atlantic City, and gives Atlantic City the opportunity to be the destination we want it to be." Building northern casinos will have a ripple effect that will benefit the economy state wide, not just Bergen County, according to County Executive Tedesco. The Meadowlands is not the only proposed location, Hudson and Essex County are also being considered. However, it is the most important location for New Jersey horsemen. Tedesco believes the Meadowlands is a “perfect spot” for gaming expansion it is already a “premier entertainment destination” because of the Met Life Stadium, large-scale concerts and the current development of the American Dream project that already take place in the area. “The best is yet to come especially when we add casino gaming to the mix.” The public will have the opportunity to vote this November on whether or not casinos should be expanded via ballot question. New Jersey Senate Democrats released figures that state casinos could generate an estimated $4 billion in economic activity, and up to 20,000 construction and permanent jobs in North Jersey. The Atlantic City region will also benefit with $3 billion and thousands of jobs. It is very important that all horsemen go out and vote in favor of casino expansion this November. Courtney Stafford, for the SBOANJ

The New York Gaming Commission has reported further positives for harness racing trainers in testing samples for the Class 2 Drug Glaucine.   Trainers Mark Ford, Nick Surick,  Daniel Renaud and Milo Zdjelar have all been given notices that horses they raced came up positive for this drug.   This follows last week's announcement that Ron Burke and Julie Miller were hit with similar drug violations.   Please note, that these are only accusations, and that each of these licensees has a right to due process pursuant to New York law and regulations.   Burke & Julie Miller hit with drug violations   Gural issues statement on Glaucine Positives   Glaucine. An interesting mild-psychedelic with a taste for CEVs and euphoria.   Extract from Wikipedia   Glaucine is an alkaloid found in several different plant species in the Papaveraceae family such as Glaucium flavum, Glaucium oxylobum and Corydalis yanhusuo, and in other plants like Croton lechleri in the family Euphorbiaceae.   It has bronchodilator and antiinflammatory effects, acting as a PDE4 inhibitor and calcium channel blocker, and is used medically as an antitussive in some countries. Glaucine may produce side effects such assedation, fatigue, and a hallucinogenic effect characterised by colourful visual images, and has been detected as a novel psychoactive drug.   Mechanism of Action   Glaucine binds to the benzothiazepine site on L-type Ca2+-channels, thereby blocking calcium ion channels in smooth muscle like the human bronchus. Glaucine has no effect on intracellular calcium stores, but rather, does not allow the entry of Ca2+ after intracellular stores have been depleted.[5] Ca2+ influx is a vital component in the process of muscular contraction, and the blocking of this influx therefore reduces the ability of the muscle to contract. In this way, glaucine can prevent smooth muscle from contracting, allowing it to relax.   Glaucine has also been demonstrated to be a dopamine receptor antagonist, favoring D1 and D1-like receptors. It is also a non-competitive selective inhibitor of PDE4 in human bronchial tissue and granulocytes. PDE4 is an isoenzyme that hydrolyzes cyclic AMP to regulate human bronchial tone (along with PDE3). Yet as a PDE4 inhibitor, glaucine possesses very low potency.   For more on Glaucine from Wikipedia   Harnesslink Media    

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